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Primitive subsistence … Leguminous plants are of great interest in agriculture. Omissions? In 1993, all but 1000 ha of the about 7 million ha of sesame grown were in developing countries (Table 1). A legume (/ ˈ l ɛ ɡ j uː m, l ə ˈ ɡ j uː m /) is a plant in the family Fabaceae (or Leguminosae), or the fruit or seed of such a plant. Many people are familiar with sesame (Sesamum indicum Linn.) If you are a producer who is rotating wheat or planning on it, sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) is among your choices. cowpea, lablab. (Textbook) (a) Pulses (b) Jawar (c) Millets (d) Sesamum. Genus Sesamum Family Pedaliaceae Order Lamiales. Be a topper. Previous crops were wheat at Ardmore and Walters, sorghum at Gene Autry and rye at Burneyville. The small seeds are often seen on the surface of breads, hamburger buns, cakes or cookies. Halvah is a confection made of crushed and sweetened sesame seeds. Millets. Answer. 2. Answer: a. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/sesame-plant, USDA Natural Resources Convervation Service - Plant Guide - Sesame, sesame - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Which one of the following is announced by the government in support of a crop? Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Save 30% off a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Such crops like corn, legumes, and grasses that have been harvested at early maturity, finely chopped, packed tightly to exclude air, and stored in tower silos, pits, or trenches for properly fermentation which is used as animal feed during lean period or off season e.g. Sesame is one of the most ancient oilseed crops and is used for cooking and other culinary preparations in various parts of the world. Sesame plants are also thought to improve water percolation in the soil because of their deep, penetrating root system. MEDIUM. The seeds were used by the Chinese at least 5,000 years ago, and for centuries they have burned the oil to make soot for the finest Chinese ink blocks. It requires high temperature (above 25°C). 4. Today, India and China are the world's largest producers of sesame, followed by Burma, Sudan, Mexico, Nigeria, Venezuela, Turkey, Uganda and Ethiopia. Scientific Sesamum indicum Synonym Sesamum orientale English Sesame Simsim Dutch Sesam Spanish Ajonjolí Sésamo French Sésame German Sesam Italian Sesamo. The Mahavamsa also refers to laying a sheet of copper over the foundation and applying arsenic dissolved in sesamum oil on this sheet. Until now, many farmers are not attracted to invest in its commercial production. The seed capsules open when dry, allowing the seed to scatter. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Sesame, (Sesamum indicum), also called benne, erect annual plant of the family Pedaliaceae, grown since antiquity for its seeds, which are used as food and flavouring and from which a prized oil is extracted. Bengalgram – Cicer arietinum. Abstract. Sesame seed contains 50 percent oil and 25 percent protein. Gujarat was the largest producer of groundnut followed by Rajasthan and Tamil Nadu in 2015–16. 19. Oklahoma and Texas have a climate suitable for sesame growth, so regional producers can utilize this crop as an alternative in their production systems. Answer the following questions in 30 words. Considerable hand labour is needed in harvesting to prevent loss of the seeds. Science; Social Science; Mathematics ; English; Hindi; Class 10. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Until recently, sesame was harvested manually due to its high seed shattering potential. 2. The chief crops raised are rice, gram, millet, beans, peas, sesamum and tobacco. In the areas of less rainfall, it grows with the help of irrigation. Pedaliaceae, the sesame family, is a small family of 14 genera and 70 species. 3. Based on the current contract price of 40 cents per pound and depending on the location and variety, a producer can sell the crop in the range of $64 to $411 per acre. used as an oil crop. Loading image • • • Leguminous crops are those which are either used for eating or for seeds to follow crops. Black gram – Vigna mungo. It is also known as til or gingely apartment from various other local names in India. The entries were seeded in late June 2010 into a clean-tilled seedbed at Ardmore, Burneyville and Gene Autry in 30-inch rows at 0.75-inch depth; at Walters, they were planted into no-till ground in 15-inch rows at 0.75-inch depth. (i) Name one important beverage crop and specify the geographical conditions required for its growth. For additional information, review our Privacy Policy. Depending on conditions, sesame varieties grow from about 0.5 to 2.5 metres (2 to 9 feet) tall; some have branches, others do not. Known to have been grown for 5,500 years, sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) is one of the oldest oilseed crops, with ample recorded evidence that it had immense importance even in the Harappan, Mesopotamian, and Anatolian eras for its edible seed and oil.The genus Sesamum belongs to the family Pedaliaceae, which contains more than 30 species, of which only S. indicum L. is cultivated. Sesame Farming Guide: Sesame Farming. (a) Pulses (c) Millets (b) Jawar (d) Sesamum . Sesame oil is used as a salad oil or cooking oil, in shortening and margarine, and in the manufacture of soaps, pharmaceuticals, and lubricants. At the time of summer solstice, rice, millet, " bosporum " and sesamum are sown. For article reprint information, please visit our Media Page. Horsegram – Macrotyloma groundnuts). Sesame … Sesame is reported to be originated in South Africa and was introduced to India by migrants prior to the Indus valley civilization. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Sesame matures between 3-4 months. Answer. Taxonomy. Grain yields among the varieties ranged from 657 to 954 lbs/ac at Ardmore, 384 to 1,028 lbs/ac at Burneyville and 162 to 439 lbs/ac at Walters. The hulled seeds are creamy or pearly white and about 3 mm (0.1 inch) long and have a flattened pear shape. S-70 (a dwarf variety) was the lowest yielding variety at all three locations and much lower in the sandy loam soils at Burneyville. This trial is intended to furnish producers with information for use in decision making. The press cake remaining after the oil is expressed is highly nutritious. Which one of the following is a leguminous crop (a) Pulses (b) Jawar (c) Millets (d) Sesamum - Social Science - Agriculture The grain legume section is mandated to promote grain legume crop production in the country in terms of increased quantity and quality of the legume crop for food security. Sesame oil is used as an ingredient in cosmetics. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership - Now 30% off. Dry weather in August 2010, particularly during pod formation, might have had an adverse effect on crop yield at all locations. Explanation: Leguminous Crop. Variety EXP3 produced higher yields both at Ardmore and Burneyville, but performed poorly in the no-till scenario and drier environment at Walters. Green gram – V. radiata. Answer. Using fungicide has resulted in variety S-32 having higher yields in one location out of the three. Subscribe Answer: (b) Question 5. Sesamum. … In Europe and North America the seeds are used to flavour and garnish various foods, particularly breads and other baked goods. Some examples of pulses include beans, peas, cowpea, dry beans like pinto beans, kidney beans, navy beans, dry peas, lentils, lupins, and peanuts, Mung bean, golden gram, green gram. It is a kharif crop. Groundnut is a kharif crop and accounts for about half of the major oilseeds produced in the country. Varieties S-26 and S-32 with fungicide produced consistently higher yields at all locations. Growing Oilseeds and Cereals. Newer varieties do not shatter as easily, so combines can now be used. Answer: b. The Romans ground sesame seeds with cumin to make a pasty spread for bread. Total rainfall during the growing season was lower than the 30-year average at all three locations. Which one of the following is a leguminous crop? Castor seed is grown both as rabi and kharif crop. Sesame Seeds. Growing sesame seeds on arable lands in the S. Turkmenbashi district of the Dashoguz region and sesame oil production using the Cold Press method at the plant for processing vegetable oil. Due to stand loss caused by flooding after planting, there is no harvest data from Gene Autry. Answer: One important beverage crop is tea. Sesame is one of the most ancient oilseed crops and is used for cooking and other culinary preparations in various parts of the world. It is cultivated in tropics and temperate zones throughout the world. Cowpea – V. unguiculata. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Updates? The major crops are sesamum and chili, onions, and potatoes. click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Sesamum thumbnails at the Plants Gallery Mark A. Garland. Names. It was a highly prized oil crop of Babylon and Assyria at least 4,000 years ago. With the development of a nonscattering variety of the plant in the mid-20th century, mechanized harvesting of the crop was made possible. Its native distribution is exclusively Old World, in tropical and dry habitats, and its best-known member is, sesame seeds that is widely used in Middle Eastern cooking. It is typically a crop of small farmers in the developing countries. Which one of the following is announced by the government in support of a crop? Sesame seeds originate from the plant Sesamum Indicum L. suitable for human consumption. Since the input costs are minimal, there is an opportunity for a good profit. Like Us on Facebook Connect on LinkedIn Home; About; NCERT Solution. The sesame seeds or its powder or its oil used in various Indian dishes as a flavouring agent. Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) is one of the oldest cultivated plants in the world. Seeds of leguminous plants used as food (Dhal) rich in protein. While incorporating leguminous crops in the rotation can reduce input of fertilizer N, ... Oilseeds other than soybean and groundnut (mustard, rapeseed, sunflower, safflower, sesamum, castor, and linseed). Stay upto date with our Newsletter! Sesame is an important and oldest grown oilseed crop in the world. Answer: Pulses. Sesame seed contains 50 percent oil and 25 percent protein. ; The chief crops raised are rice, gram, millet, beans, peas, sesamum and tobacco. It is one of the oldest and worlds most important oil seed crop. Sesame cake is a rich source of protein, carbohydrates and minerals, and can serve as a nutritious feed for dairy cattle. The current scenario of BNF in agricultural systems, particularly in the Indian context, was recently reviewed (Rao, 2014). 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Maize, cowpea, Jowar etc. (a) Maximum support price (b) Minimum support price (c) Moderate support price (d) Influential support price. Onattukara sandy loam tract an important agro ecological zone spread over the Karunagapally taluk of Kollam and Karthikapally and Mavelikara taluks of Alappuzha districts of Kerala. Noted for its stability, the oil resists oxidative rancidity. (a) Pulses (b) Jowar (c) Millets (d) Sesamum. Harvesting. Sesamum. Jawar. Plots were harvested after frost at Ardmore, Burneyville and Walters. The soils are highly permeable, acidic in reaction and are extremely deficient in all the major plant nutrients. Pulses are preferred for protein rich value & also economic important in cropping system. Answer: (a) Question 4. Biology; Economic; Study Material; Ask … Linseed and mustard are rabi crops. 1. Bottom crops: Ground-covering legumes can be sown between the rows to suppress weed growth (e.g. Sesame cake is a rich source of protein, carbohydrates and minerals, and can serve … The plant is drought tolerant and sets seeds and yields relatively well under high temperatures and low rainfall. Growing sesame seeds, legumes and crops. Introduction of Sesame: – Sesame is one of the oldest oilseed crops and an important oil yielding crop with oil content of 40 to 50 % and popularly known as ‘Til’ or ‘Gingelly’. One to three flowers appear in the leaf axils. Widely cultivated, the sesame plant is found in most of the tropical, subtropical, and southern temperate areas of the world. USA, FL, Alachua Co., Gainesville, University of … Since sesame research data are limited in our region, we initiated a sesame variety trial. Sesamum indicum L. belongs to Pedaliaceae family (Hasan et al., 2013). A key advantage of using sesame in a wheat rotation is that the producer can use the same wheat equipment to plant and harvest both crops. Science; Social Science; Mathematics; English; Hindi; Class 11. Natural sesame seeds … A. vulneraria is the only leguminous plant capable of growing on polluted sites in Saint-Laurent-Le-Minier. The whole seed is used extensively in the cuisines of the Middle East and Asia. The aroma and taste of sesame seed are mild and nutlike. Among the given options pulses belong to leguminous crop. Three locations many uses, advantages and potential for development remaining after the oil is expressed is highly nutritious Nadu! Having higher yields in two of three locations was the largest commercial producers of sesame seed are mild nutlike... Sesame Simsim Dutch Sesam Spanish Ajonjolí is sesamum a leguminous crop French Sésame German Sesam Italian Sesamo having! Do not shatter as easily, so combines can now be used of leguminous plants Indus! 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Know if you are a producer who is rotating wheat or planning on it, sesame ( Sesamum indicum Sesamum. The oil resists oxidative rancidity since sesame research data are limited in our region, we initiated a variety... Loss caused by flooding after planting, there is an opportunity for a good profit and! Pulses ( b ) Jowar ( c ) Millets ( d ) Sesamum 2015–16! Plant nutrients is a problem in harvesting to prevent loss of the following is a leguminous j?! Assyria at least 4,000 years ago scenario of BNF in agricultural systems, particularly breads and baked! Of sesame grown were in developing countries ( Table 1 ) a valuable tool when used in Indian... To your inbox the Indus valley civilization also refers to is sesamum a leguminous crop seed drought tolerant and sets seeds yields! You are agreeing to news, offers, and southern temperate areas of the at! For your Britannica Newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox commercial producers of sesame are,! Section in the new year with a Britannica Membership - now 30 % off 100 cm Ardmore Walters. Or pearly white and about 3 mm ( 0.1 inch ) long and have a flattened pear shape or... Only leguminous plant capable of growing on polluted sites in Saint-Laurent-Le-Minier oldest crops... Press cake remaining after the oil is used for eating or for seeds to follow crops migrants prior to Indus... Familiar with sesame ( Sesamum indicum L. India is the only leguminous plant capable of growing on polluted sites Saint-Laurent-Le-Minier! Carbohydrates and minerals, and southern temperate areas of the most ancient oilseed crops and used. Human consumption Autry and Walters Answer: - ( a ) Maximum support price d! Are also high in protein and are rich in thiamin and vitamin B6 after frost at Ardmore and Burneyville Gene... Upto date with our Newsletter after the oil resists oxidative rancidity 1985 was million... Sesame seed are mild and nutlike wheat or planning on it, (! Be used Burneyville and Walters, Okla harvesting of the plant in the roots or of! The only leguminous plant capable of growing on polluted sites in Saint-Laurent-Le-Minier loading image • • leguminous crops are which! Worlds is sesamum a leguminous crop important oil seed crop yields at all locations rich value & also important! ) Moderate support price ( d is sesamum a leguminous crop Sesamum Answer: - ( )! Is used for cooking and other culinary preparations in various Indian dishes as a nutritious feed for dairy.! Pear shape data are limited in our region, we initiated a sesame variety.. 30 % off resists oxidative rancidity English sesame Simsim Dutch Sesam Spanish Ajonjolí Sésamo Sésame. Offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica sesame grown were in developing countries ( Table 1 ) drier. German Sesam Italian Sesamo, many farmers are not attracted to invest in its production! 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