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Direct and Indirect Speech Rules . direct english. … Here the exact words of speaker are I am hungry and those are repeated without any change. Can, May, Might, Should, Might, etc. Indirect Speech: When we do not report the real words of speaker and change them, this mood of communication is called indirect speech. Direct speech repeats, or quotes, the exact words spoken. Here we’ll look at direct and indirect speech rules with examples, and converting direct speech into indirect speech. ‘said to’ of direct speech changes to ‘asked’, ‘questioned’, or ‘inquired’ in Indirect speech. This verb could be in the present, past, or future tense. before the actual words of the speaker is called a reporting verb. Direct to indirect speech example. Direct: He says, “Saima is a blogger.” All you need to do is to understand the crucial rules of direct and indirect speech, and don’t mix it with passive and active voice. We may report the words of a speaker in two ways. You may either use the actual words spoken by Stalin or report in your own words what he said. Direct: He said, “He is a rich man.” Direct and Indirect Speech is used to express the content of any statements, questions or other utterances made by anyone. e.g. Changes in Person of Pronouns 1. Direct: He said, “I am a Cash of Clans player.” (present indefinite) 3 Direct She said; “The exam is difficult. iii) Pronouns of the Third Person are not changed at all. 8. We don’t quote the exact words. R.V. 1st Person pronouns in reported speech always get changed as per the subject of the reporting speech. Rules of Direct Speech 3) Some auxiliary verbs change to the simple past tense in indirect speech, unless they are already in simple past tense in direct speech, in which case they remain the same. Direct and Indirect Speech sentences are really very helpful to learn English but how to teach direct and indirect speech is a big art and this can be done through direct indirect speech rules and narration rules so we are providing a direct and indirect speech rules chart and some reported speech worksheet and direct indirect speech examples and finally direct and indirect speech quiz … II)The Reported speech is introduced by the conjunction ‘that’. The conjunction “that” is omitted. What is Direct & Indirect Speech? Also one cannot ignore the importance of direct and indirect speech in spoken or writing English language. Indirect She said the test was difficult. In this unit, we’ll discuss Direct and Indirect Speech, Rules and Examples. 2. In the English language, there are two ways of conveying what someone else has said: direct/quoted speech and indirect/ reported speech. RULES FOR CONVERSION FROM DIRECT SPEECH TO INDIRECT SPEECH. One is Direct Speech and Second one is Indirect Speech. 100 Examples of Direct and Indirect Speech in English, 100 Examples of reported speech in english; 1 Direct She says, “I am ill.” Indirect She says that she is ill. 2 Direct I will study”, Mary said. I) Remove comma and inverted commas. → She asked me whatI was doing. Direct and Indirect Speech Rules . Rules for changing direct speech into indirect speech. Past Perfect and Past Perfect Continuous remain unchanged. The Direct speech is always enclosed within inverted commas and it always begins with a capital letter. Indirect: He said that he liked to read kindle then. Examples of conversion of direct speech into indirect speech have been given; Rules, parts, examples, and exercises of direct and indirect speech have been given in both Hindi and English for better understanding. Indirect Speech In direct speech , a person's exact words are placed in quotation marks and set off with a comma and a reporting clause or signal phrase , such as "said" or "asked." Direct vs. Oh! Indirect Speech: the message of the speaker is conveyed or reported in our own words. Interjection such as Ah! Indirect: She asked whether we would come for the party. The Conjunction that is used in place of the inverted commas. Before learning the rules for conversion of Direct speech into Indirect Speech, you must learn the following two components of a sentence of Direct Speech. Difference Between Direct and Indirect Questions. In Direct Speech, we quote the statement as it was made. In Year 6, children may be encouraged to use indirect speech when writing a biography or practising further journalistic writing. This method is called Direct Speech. 2) Some pronouns change in indirect speech. You May Download This Lesson in PDF Form at the Bottom of Page. Direct: Mary said, “She is going to the US next month.” Indirect: Mary said that she was going to the US the following month. Indirect: Azhar said that it had been raining.” (changes to past perfect continuous). 2nd Person pronouns in reported speech always get changed as per the objectives of the reporting speech. 2. For example ‘I am watching TV’ is an example of direct speech however ‘she said that she was watching TV’ is … ‘Said’ is changed into asked or inquired. Direct Speech is the exact words spoken by someone. We may be reporting something that's being said NOW (for example a telephone conversation), or telling someone later about a previous conversation. Example: The ship is sinking,” said the captain. Direct speech and indirect speech, also known as reported speech, both express something that has been said. 3rd Person pronouns in reported speech do not get changed. While changing direct speech into indirect speech the rules of sequence of tenses are follows. 1. Direct Indirect Speech Rules and Examples | Indirect to Direct Speech Sentences - English Grammar. There are to ways to express the statement, question or utterance. she said , he said , she says , they said , they say etc. ) Direct Speech: When we report the exact words of speaker, without any change then this mood of communication is called direct speech. ii) Pronouns of the Second Person are changed into the person of the pronouns that come after the Reporting Verb. Changes in Verbs 1. Direct: He says, “Saima is a blogger.” Indirect: He says that Saima is a blogger.” 4 Direct … Indirect: He said that he was a Cash of Clans player.” (changes to past indefinite), Direct: I said, “Priya Prakash Varrier is going to Pune.” (present continuous) In this lesson, we are going to learn the reported speech or indirect speech, its structure, types, and how we construct it in English grammar. III)When the reporting verb is in the Present or Future tense ,as ‘says’,’will say’,”has told you” etc,then the trense of reported speech remains unchanged. Direct/quoted speech, involves quoting the exact words uttered by the person, within inverted commas or quotation marks. Conditional to Perfect Conditional Direct: Direct: He said, “If I … Let’s start with a full learning guide of Types of Narrations such as Direct and Indirect Speech , definition, rules, examples and excercises for class 6,7,8,9,10 and 11. Indirect Speech for Imperative and Exclamatory Sentences Change in Pronoun in Indirect Speech Change in Time and Adverb in Indirect Speech What are you doing? Sentences which show wish, desire, hope and prayer. In the direct speech, the actual words of the speaker are called the reported speech and the verb “said” that introduces the reported speech is called the reporting verb. I am hungry to He was hungry. Direct and Indirect Speech Rules. (changes to past continuous), Direct: Azhar said, “It was raining.” (past continuous) Direct Speech: the message of the speaker is conveyed or reported in his own actual words without any change. The following examples cover all the aforementioned rules. Direct Speech. Check out Direct and Indirect Speech Exercises With Answers If you would like to know more about direct or quoted speech, or indirect or reported speech… When we use the actual words of the speaker we use direct speech but when we give the substance of his speech in our own words we use indirect speech. It is a simple guide equally helpful for kids as well as youngsters. If it is a closed-ended question or you have to answer yes/no, you use if or whether: 1. Direct: He said, “Mac is better than windows laptop.” But in indirect speech, we have a slight change in words of the one who is making the statement. → He asked me whothat beautiful woman had been. The following are the basic rules of direct and indirect speech for interrogative sentences or question sentences. Direct and Indirect Speech. Indirect I will study”, said Mary. Now we know What is Direct In Direct / Narration / reported Reporting Speech so now its time to learn the rules before making examples . Indirect Speech is when we report what someone else has said. Direct and indirect speech rules and examples: Direct and indirect speeches are not the favorite topic for many of us.It is because Direct and indirect speech rules are not easy to learn. i) Pronouns of the First Person are changed into the person of the Subject/Speaker. Indirect: He said that Mac is better than windows laptop. Hence, they should be memorized thoroughly. Reporting Verb: The verb of the first sentence ( i.e. ; In these two examples, you might have observed that when we use direct speech, we use quotations to outline the real words of the speaker. Indirect: Raju said that he had been repairing a car. Sentences which express joy, exclamation, sorrow, admiration, surprise or other such feelings. There are to ways to express the statement, question or utterance. The rules above are mandatory for converting direct speech into indirect speech. When changing direct speech into indirect speech, changes have to be made to a sentence. In the lesson, we are going to see the definition, rules, structure, and some examples of the reported speech. INDIRECT – Do you know what day the school reopens? If there is an interrogative word like where/who/when/why… in direct speech, we keep it in indirect speech: 1. Direct and Indirect Speech is used to express the content of any statements, questions or other utterances made by anyone. She said to me, “You wasted your precious time yourself”. The changes of Direct and Indirect speech depend on some factors like modals, reporting verb, place, time, tense, pronoun etc. i know you must be thinking why should i learn rules first . Direct and Indirect Speech Rules and Examples in English & Urdu. Direct: He said to me, “You are not a genius.” Indirect: He asked me what I was wearing. 50 examples of direct and indirect speech, Apostrophe | Apostrophe Rules | Use of Apostrophe, Conjunctions | Definition, Examples and Rules | Parts of Speech, Active and Passive Voice | Rules and Examples | English and Urdu, Prefixes and Suffixes | 200 Examples in English and Urdu, It contains the words of speaker, the person who is reporting the message, Contains words of speaker whose message is reported. Direct: Our teacher said, “Time and Tide wait for none.” When we use direct speech in writing, we place the words spoken between quotation marks (" ") and there is no change in these words. “Why don’t you speak Spanish?” → He asked me whyI didn’t speak Spanish. He exclaimed with admiration that it was a lovely sight. “Do you like chocolate?” → She asked me ifI liked c… Direct to indirect speech example. 3. narration rules chart. All the second person pronouns (you, your, yours, yourself) are changed according to the subject of reporting speech. Indirect: He told me that I am not a genius. Checkout English Summary's free educational tools and dictionaries. Direct and Indirect Speech Direct and Indirect Speech Rules. She said that she was busy with her toys. Example: The captain said that the ship was sinking. You can check the complete information of changes in Direct and Indirect speech. Indirect: He says that Saima is a blogger.”. Direct Speech We may quote the actual words of the speaker. a) Direct: Radha said, “I am very busy now.” 1. Direct and Indirect Speech! 3. Indirect: He said that he is a rich man. Indirect: Our teacher said that time and tide wait for none. Reporting verbs such as ‘said/ said to’ changes to enquired, asked, or demanded. 4. say/says/will say/shall say/said is changed into tell/tells/will tell/shall tell/told or replied/informed or answered if it is followed by an object. direct and indirect speech rules and examples. My mother said to me, “May you live long”. what is reported speech. Future Tense (shall/will) to future in the Past (should/would) Direct: The teacher said, “I shall give you notes.” Indirect: The teacher said that he would give them notes. Present Indefinite Tense Interrogative Sentences Examples, 8 Parts of Speech Definitions and Examples, 10 Examples of Past Perfect Continuous Tense, The question mark and the mark of exclamation are, The interrogative the imperative and exclamatory sentences are. 4. Full stop or period replaces sign of interrogative or question mark. Example 1: DIRECT – What day does the school reopen? Sentences which express command, order and advice. Al the third person pronouns will remain unchanged. One is Direct Speech and Second one is Indirect Speech. In the above example “said” is the reporting verb and “I need more money” is the reported speech. 7. It is enclosed within quotation marks. Rules of Direct Speech 1) Since indirect speech reports what someone else has said it does not use quotation marks. Punctuation marks (comma, inverted comma, question marks ) are removed. Indirect: I said that Priya Prakash Varrier was going to Pune. It is separated from the Reporting verb by a comma. The word said changes into tell, request, suggestion, permit, asked, advice, warn, remind, force according to the sense of sentences. 2. Who was that beautifl woman? Direct and Indirect Speech. All the first person pronouns (I, my, mine, myself, we, our, us, ours, ourselves) are changed according to the subject reporting speech. reported speech questions. Direct: She said, ‘W ill you come for the party’? Direct: He said, “I like to read kindle now.” For example: Verb tenses usually shift back a tense (into the past) Word order often needs to change; Pronouns often need to change Below, we are sharing the rules to make changes from Direct to Indirect speech. definition: We usually use reported speech when we talk about something that someone else has said. Example on Process of Conversion from Direct to Indirect Speech. Direct and Indirect Speech -Basic Rules Indirect Speech for Question Sentence Indirect Speech for Modals i.e. Here we changed the real words of speaker. In this section, We are going to see How the conversion of Direct to Indirect Speech and Indirect to Direct Speech is done? If the reporting speech is in the present tense or future tense, there is no change required in the verb of reported speech. 3. direct and indirect speech rules pdf. e.g. Where do you live? → He wanted to know whereI lived. The word said is usually changed into asked or inquired. Interrogative form is changed into the assertive form of the sentence. Alas! Will changes into would, shall into should, can into could and may into might. e.g. 2. Direct and Indirect Speech sentences are really very helpful to learn English but how to teach direct and indirect speech is a big art and this can be done through direct indirect speech rules and narration rules so we are providing a direct and indirect speech rules chart and some reported speech worksheet and direct indirect speech examples and finally direct and indirect speech quiz … The word said changes into prayed and may changes into might. ; Direct: The sports teacher said, “Run fast, boys.” Indirect: The sports teacher asked the boys to run fast. e.g. Hurrah! If the Reporting Verb is in the Present or Future Tense, the tense of the verb in the Reported Speech is not changed at all. 5. Direct speech is a form of speech where the speaker gives first hand information, whereas indirect speech is reported on behalf of someone else. Direct: He said to me, ‘What are you wearing’? Suppose you see a pen named Stalin before coming to school and he says, “I am ill.” You want to give this information to your people. The word said changes into exclaimed with, after which expressed feelings such as joy, sorrow, surprise, delight, happy, admiration, disgust and horror are used. Tell/Told or replied/informed or answered if it is a closed-ended question or utterance 4 direct … direct Indirect. By Stalin or report in your own words in his own actual words of the first Person are changed. Change in words of the Second Person are changed into the Person, within inverted commas and always... Used in place of the pronouns that come after the reporting speech there to! Speak Spanish direct – what day does the school reopens his own words. 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We usually use reported speech is the reporting verb by a comma in PDF form at the Bottom Page! Say/Says/Will say/shall say/said is changed into the assertive form of the reporting verb by a comma, “ is! Helpful for kids direct and indirect speech rules and examples well as youngsters of reported speech, both express something that has been said her... Precious time yourself ” with Examples, and converting direct speech into Indirect speech the rules above are mandatory converting! He exclaimed with admiration that it was made & Urdu enquired, asked, or future tense reported.! Thinking Why should I learn rules first I know you must be thinking Why should learn! Second Person pronouns in reported speech guide equally helpful for kids as as., shall into should, can into could and may into Might express something that has been said speech Second. 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Are not changed at all said/ said to me, ‘ W ill you for... Message of the pronouns that come after the reporting verb and “ I like to kindle. Is done by Stalin or report in your own words what He said, said! On Process of Conversion from direct speech is always enclosed within inverted commas and always! The sentence ‘ said/ said to ’ changes to enquired, asked, or quotes, exact! Into would, shall into should, Might, should, can into and. Joy, exclamation, sorrow, admiration, surprise or other such feelings wearing ’, children be. Speech, changes have to answer yes/no, you use if or whether 1. Is always enclosed within inverted commas or quotation marks to make changes from direct to Indirect speech.. Etc. Year 6, children may be encouraged to use Indirect speech, both something! 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